Navigating Tomorrow: How Australian Drilling Contractors Are Embracing Automation

Automated Mining

The Australian drilling industry is experiencing a significant shift towards automation, driven by factors such as improved safety, efficiency, reduced operational costs, and addressing skill shortages. Automation also helps in reducing environmental impact and overcoming geographical challenges inherent in Australia.

Predicting the exact timeline for full automation is challenging due to technological advancements, regulatory considerations, investment levels, and industry readiness. However, industry experts suggest a gradual transition over the next few decades, with significant advancements towards full automation within 10 to 20 years.

Shift towards automation will impact employment and skills requirements, leading to a reduction in manual roles and emergence of jobs focusing on operating and maintaining automated systems. This will necessitate upskilling and reskilling, especially in areas like digital literacy, data analysis, and technical troubleshooting.

Drilling contractors should start upgrading their skills as soon as possible, with a focus on digital literacy, programming, operation of automated machinery, and data interpretation. 

Why is the Australian Drilling Industry Adopting Automation?

Australia is widely recognized as one of the global leaders in the field of mining automation, including drilling automation. The country’s mining sector is at the forefront of adopting new technologies and innovative practices, a position driven by its significant mining industry, substantial investments in technology, and a strong focus on safety and efficiency. Here are several factors that highlight Australia’s leadership in this domain:

  1. Mining Automation: Australia’s mining industry is one of the most technologically advanced in the world. Major mining companies in Australia have been early adopters of autonomous drilling systems, autonomous haul trucks, and remote operation centres. These advancements are not limited to large companies; mid-size and smaller operations also increasingly embrace various levels of automation.

  2. Investment in Technology: The Australian mining industry benefits from substantial investments in research and development, both from the private sector and government. This investment supports the development and integration of new technologies, including those applicable to drilling.

  3. Collaboration with Tech Companies: Australian mining companies have established strong partnerships with leading global technology providers and equipment manufacturers to develop and implement advanced drilling solutions. These collaborations have spurred innovations that are now being adopted in other mining jurisdictions.

  4. Regulatory Environment: Australia’s regulatory framework supports the adoption of automation in mining. The government has shown a willingness to work with the industry to ensure that regulations facilitate technological advancement while ensuring safety and environmental protection.

  5. Safety and Productivity: The drive for automation in Australia is strongly motivated by the dual goals of enhancing safety and increasing productivity. Automated drilling systems reduce the need for human exposure to hazardous conditions and enable more consistent and efficient drilling operations.

  6. Global Influence: Australia’s mining companies and technology providers are influential in the global market, often exporting their expertise, technologies, and practices. The country’s leadership in mining automation, including drilling, sets standards and provides case studies for other mining regions.

  7. Educational and Training Institutions: Australian universities and technical institutes are at the forefront of developing courses and research programs focused on mining technology and automation. This academic leadership helps cultivate a workforce skilled in the latest technologies, further reinforcing the country’s leadership position.

While Australia is undoubtedly a leader in this field, it is important to note that other countries, such as Canada, Chile, and Sweden, are also making significant strides in mining automation. The global landscape is dynamic, with continuous advancements and innovations emerging from various regions. However, Australia’s comprehensive approach, combining industry innovation, regulatory support, and academic excellence, places it at the forefront of automation in drilling on a global scale.

The rise of automation in the Australian drilling industry is driven by numerous compelling factors:

Enhancing Safety

Safety has always been a major concern in the drilling industry due to the inherently hazardous nature of the operations. Incorporating automated systems can considerably reduce the risk of workplace accidents by minimising the need for human intervention in high-risk tasks.

Boosting Efficiency and Productivity

Automated drilling systems offer the advantage of continuous operations without the requirement for breaks or shift changes, thus significantly boosting productivity. These systems can also optimise drilling processes in real-time, leading to improved outcomes and reduced waste.

Lowering Operational Costs

While the upfront investment in automation technology can be substantial, the long-term benefits in terms of reduced labour costs, decreased downtime, and enhanced efficiency make it a cost-effective alternative. Moreover, automation can also minimise costly errors and accidents.

Addressing Skill Shortages

The drilling industry, like many others, faces challenges in attracting and retaining skilled labour. Automation can alleviate these issues by taking over tasks that would otherwise require specialised human operators.

Reducing Environmental Impact

Automation can lead to more precise and efficient use of resources, reducing waste and minimising the environmental footprint of drilling operations. This aspect is particularly relevant in Australia, where there is a strong focus on environmental conservation.

Gaining Competitive Advantage

As global markets become increasingly competitive, companies that embrace automation can gain significant advantages in terms of efficiency, cost, and safety, positioning them better against competitors.

Overcoming Geographical Challenges

Australia’s vast and often remote landscapes can make drilling operations particularly challenging. Automation allows for remote monitoring and control of drilling operations, reducing the need for human presence in these harsh environments.

The Timeline for Full Automation

Predicting the exact timeline for when entire mine sites in Australia will be fully automated is challenging due to various factors, including technological advancements, regulatory considerations, investment levels, and industry readiness. However, we can discuss the trends and potential timeline based on current developments:

Current Progress in Automation mining companies in Australia are already implementing automation technologies. There are mine sites with autonomous haul trucks, trains, and drilling systems. However, full automation also includes the integration of these systems with back-office operations, processing facilities, and logistics.

Technological Advancements

The pace of technological innovation is a key factor. As advancements in robotics, artificial intelligence, and communication technologies continue, the capabilities for full automation will become increasingly feasible.

Economic Factors

Investment in automation technology is significant, and companies will need to balance the costs with the expected benefits in efficiency, productivity, and safety. The economic context, including commodity prices and market demand, will influence investment decisions.

Regulatory Environment

The Australian government and regulatory bodies will play a crucial role in the transition to fully automated mines. Regulations regarding safety, labour, and environmental impact will need to evolve alongside technological advancements.

Industry Adoption

Transitioning to full automation requires not just technological capability but also a shift in industry culture and practices. Workforce training, changes in job roles, and stakeholder engagement are all critical components.

Geographic and Operational Variability

Australia’s mining sector is diverse, with operations in various environments and commodities. The path to full automation may be quicker for some types of mines (e.g., large, open-pit operations in remote areas) than for others (e.g., smaller, underground mines).

Considering these factors, industry experts often suggest a gradual transition over the next few decades. Some predict significant advancements toward full automation within 10 to 20 years, but this will vary by company and mine site. It’s important to monitor ongoing developments in the industry, as breakthrough technologies or shifts in economic and regulatory environments could accelerate or decelerate this timeline.

Impact on Employment and Skills

The move towards full automation in the Australian mining industry will significantly impact employment and skills requirements. Here’s how these changes are likely to unfold:

Shift in Employment

Automation will likely lead to a reduction in traditional roles that involve manual and repetitive tasks, particularly those that are hazardous. However, new types of jobs will emerge that focus on operating, maintaining, and optimising automated systems. The net impact on employment levels will depend on the pace of automation and the industry’s ability to create new roles.

Skills Upgrading and Reskilling

There will be a growing demand for skills related to the operation, maintenance, and repair of automated systems and robotics. Employees will need to adapt to new technologies, requiring significant upskilling and reskilling. Digital literacy, data analysis, and technical troubleshooting will become increasingly important.

Higher Education and Training

Educational institutions and training providers will need to adapt their curricula to prepare new entrants to the workforce for the changing landscape. This might include more focus on STEM subjects, as well as courses in robotics, data science, and artificial intelligence.

New Career Pathways

Automation will create opportunities for new career pathways that may not exist in the industry today. For example, roles in data analytics, machine learning, and remote operations centres will become more prominent.

Workforce Transition

Companies will need to manage the transition for existing employees who may be displaced by automation. This could include offering retraining programs, transition assistance, and potentially redeployment into new roles.

Socioeconomic Impacts

On a broader scale, the shift towards automation could have significant socioeconomic implications, particularly in mining regions where local economies are heavily dependent on mining jobs. Community engagement and investment in local education and training will be crucial to mitigate negative impacts.

Global Competitiveness

Embracing automation can enhance the global competitiveness of Australia’s mining industry. However, it also means that the workforce needs to keep pace with international standards in terms of skills and expertise.

When Should Drilling Contractors Start Upskilling?

Current drilling contractors should begin upgrading their skills as soon as possible to stay relevant in the evolving Australian drilling industry. The industry’s shift toward automation and advanced technologies is not a distant future scenario; it is happening now. Here are some steps and considerations for timing:

Immediate Awareness and Learning

Aberdeen Drilling SchoolContractors should start by becoming aware of the technological trends and potential changes in their industry. Engaging with industry news, attending relevant conferences, and participating in forums can provide insights into the pace and nature of these changes.

Short-Term Skill Development

Within the next 1-2 years, contractors should identify and begin acquiring key skills that will be in demand. This might include training in digital literacy, basic programming, understanding of automated machinery operation, and data interpretation skills.

Medium-Term Certification and Education

Over a 3-5 year horizon, contractors should consider more formal education or certification in areas such as robotics, automation technology, data analytics, or remote operation systems. Community colleges, technical institutes, and online courses offer relevant programs.

Long-Term Career Planning

Contractors need to envision their long-term career paths in the context of an evolving industry. This might involve transitioning from hands-on drilling roles to more technologically focused positions or moving into supervisory, operational, or maintenance roles related to automated systems.

Continuous Learning and Adaptability

The pace of technological change is rapid, and what is relevant today might be outdated tomorrow. Embracing a mindset of continuous learning and adaptability is crucial. Contractors should stay informed about new technologies and be prepared to update their skills regularly.

Networking and Industry Engagement

Building a network within the industry can provide insights into emerging trends and job opportunities. Engaging with professional organisations and attending industry events can also help contractors stay connected and informed.

Collaboration with Employers

Contractors should engage with their employers about future skill needs and potential training opportunities. Many organisations are willing to invest in training their workforce to meet future challenges.

Upskilling: Example Industries

Water Bore Drillers

As water resources become increasingly precious and regulations surrounding water use become stricter, water bore drillers will need to adopt more sophisticated technologies. This could include advanced geospatial analysis, precision drilling techniques, and improved monitoring and maintenance technologies to ensure sustainable water extraction. Upskilling in areas like data interpretation, remote monitoring, and environmental regulations will become increasingly important.

Mineral Exploration Drillers

The mineral exploration sector is constantly seeking more efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly drilling methods. Advancements in drilling technology, such as automated drilling rigs, real-time data analysis, and improved materials for drilling equipment, can enhance exploration success rates and reduce environmental impact. Mineral exploration drillers will need to adapt to these technologies, requiring upskilling in areas such as digital literacy, data analysis, and the operation of advanced machinery.

For both water bore and mineral exploration drillers, the following points are pertinent:

Essentials In Knowledge & Skills Across The Board

Technological Integration

Adoption of advanced technologies like GIS (Geographic Information Systems), AI (Artificial Intelligence) for data analysis, and IoT (Internet of Things) for equipment monitoring will necessitate new skills on a broad scale across all drilling industries.

Environmental and Regulatory Compliance

Increased focus on environmental protection and compliance with regulatory standards will require drillers to be knowledgeable about environmental impact mitigation, legal compliance, and sustainability practices.


As certain aspects of drilling become automated, drillers will need to shift from manual controls to monitoring and managing automated systems, which requires understanding of these systems.

Adaptation and Flexibility

The ability to adapt to new methods and technologies will be crucial. Continuous learning and flexibility to change are key competencies that will help drillers stay relevant.

Certification and Training

Drillers should seek out additional certifications and training opportunities relevant to new technologies and methods to enhance their expertise and employability.

Examples Of  Advances In Geotechnical Drills

As of now, the geotechnical drilling industry is experiencing a gradual integration of automation technologies. Here are some specific examples of automation machinery and technology currently available to geotechnical drillers:

Boart Longyear

Boart Longyear is one of the leading providers of drilling services and products for the mining, environmental, energy, and infrastructure sectors. Their LF™ series rigs incorporate features that automate some drilling functions.


Epiroc offers a range of automated and remote-controlled drilling rigs suitable for various applications, including geotechnical drilling. Their surface drill rigs, such as the SmartROC series, are equipped with automation features that allow for more precise drilling, real-time data collection, and remote operation capabilities.


Sandvik provides automated drilling solutions that are adaptable to geotechnical drilling. Their top hammer drill rigs and down-the-hole rigs, like the Leopard™ series, come with automation features, including one-touch drilling and hole navigation systems, which enhance accuracy and consistency.


While Geoprobe® is more commonly associated with environmental and geotechnical sampling, their machines offer features that streamline drilling operations. Their direct push technology rigs can be equipped with automated drop hammers, soil probing systems, and other features that reduce manual labour and improve data collection.

Atlas Copco (Epiroc)

This company provides advanced drilling solutions. Their automated rig control systems enable precision drilling and efficient operations, suitable for complex geotechnical investigations.

Will Current Conventional Drill Rigs Remain Relevant?

While the trend is undoubtedly moving towards automation and green energy, there are still avenues for conventional drill rigs to remain operational and relevant. Through strategic upgrades, conversions, and targeting specific market needs, these rigs can continue to be an integral part of the drilling industry landscape in Australia.

Conversion to Electric

Conventional drill rigs powered by diesel engines can potentially be converted to electric power. Electrification reduces the carbon footprint and can make rigs more suitable for environments with strict emissions regulations. It also contributes to lower operational costs in terms of fuel consumption.

Integration of Automation Features

While it may not be feasible to convert an older conventional rig into a fully autonomous one, certain automation features can be integrated into existing rigs. For example, adding automated rod handling, drilling parameter optimisation, and data collection systems can enhance the efficiency and safety of conventional rigs.

Hybrid Approaches

Some operations may adopt a hybrid approach, utilising both conventional and automated or electric rigs depending on the specific requirements of each project. This approach allows companies to gradually transition to newer technologies while maximising the use of their existing assets.

Refurbishment and Upgrades

Older rigs can often be refurbished and upgraded with new technologies to improve their efficiency, safety, and environmental footprint. This might include upgrading control systems, implementing more efficient power sources, or integrating digital monitoring systems.

Market Niches

Certain drilling applications may continue to favour conventional rigs due to specific technical, economic, or logistical reasons. In such niches, conventional rigs can remain relevant, especially if they are well-maintained and operated efficiently.

Regulatory and Market Incentives

Government policies and market incentives can significantly influence the pace of transition to greener and more automated technologies. Subsidies, tax incentives, or regulations could support the conversion and upgrade of existing rigs rather than their outright replacement.

Should Contractors Focus Solely on Buying Automated, Remote or Smart Drilling Rigs?

Drilling contractors considering new equipment investments should indeed focus on the long-term viability and relevance of their purchases. However, whether to invest solely in automated, remote, or smart drilling rigs depends on several factors:

Project Requirements

Contractors should assess the types of projects they typically undertake or plan to target. While automated rigs can offer significant advantages in terms of efficiency and safety, they might not be necessary or cost-effective for all types of drilling projects.

Cost vs. Benefit

The initial investment in automated and smart drilling equipment is typically higher than that for conventional rigs. Contractors need to evaluate whether the potential cost savings from improved efficiency, reduced labour needs, and enhanced safety will outweigh these upfront costs over the equipment’s lifecycle.

Technology Adoption Curve

The drilling industry, like many others, has early adopters, the majority, and laggards in technology adoption. While early adoption can offer competitive advantages, it also comes with risks associated with unproven technology. Waiting until a technology is more mature can reduce these risks but may also mean missing out on early opportunities.

Skill Availability

The effectiveness of advanced drilling equipment is contingent upon having a workforce skilled in its operation and maintenance. Contractors need to consider the availability of skilled personnel or the need for training and whether this aligns with their investment timeline.

Regulatory Environment

Compliance with current and anticipated regulations should be a key consideration. In regions where there is strong regulatory pressure to reduce emissions or enhance worker safety, investing in advanced drilling technology could be particularly advantageous.

Flexibility and Resilience

Given the pace of technological change, investing in equipment that is adaptable or upgradable can help ensure it remains valuable over time. Contractors should look for modular systems or equipment that can be updated with new software or hardware components.

Long-Term Industry Trends

Aligning investment with long-term industry trends, such as the move towards more sustainable and efficient practices, is crucial. While it’s impossible to predict the future with certainty, aligning with clear trends can help mitigate investment risks.

In conclusion, while there’s a strong case for investing in automated, remote, or smart drilling rigs, contractors should balance this with a realistic assessment of their specific needs, the market environment, and their capacity to adapt to new technologies. Diversifying investments to include a mix of traditional and advanced equipment might be a prudent strategy for some, ensuring they can cater to a broad range of project requirements while positioning themselves for future industry developments.



Automation will lead to a reduction in traditional roles involving manual and repetitive tasks, but it will also create new jobs related to operating, maintaining, and optimizing automated systems. This shift will require significant upskilling and reskilling, with a growing demand for skills related to digital literacy, data analysis, and technical troubleshooting.

Whether to invest solely in automated, remote, or smart drilling rigs depends on several factors such as project requirements, cost vs. benefit, technology adoption curve, skill availability, regulatory environment, flexibility and resilience, and long-term industry trends. Contractors should balance the case for investing in advanced technology with a realistic assessment of their specific needs and capacity to adapt.


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